The Percentage Agreement

Harriman did not attend the Churchill-Stalin summit in Moscow, but he did his best to keep Roosevelt informed of what was discussed, although he did not mention percentages. [60] Harriman`s information on the Anglo-Soviet summit was generally accurate, although the Churchill-Stalin talks, which he did not know existed, were generally accurate. [60] Over the next few months, Roosevelt did not welcome the full content of the Moscow summit and the percentage agreement. [60] Stalin expressed some sympathy for the British who, for much of the Second World War, were unable to use the Mediterranean because of the risk of maritime and air strikes by the Axis powers stationed in Italy, forcing the British to deliver their troops to Egypt on the long road around the Cape of Good Hope. [53] An agreement was quickly reached with Greece and Romania, but Bulgaria, Yugoslavia and Hungary became more difficult. [54] The Percentages Agreement was a secret informal agreement between British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet Head of State Joseph Stalin at the Fourth Moscow Conference in October 1944. In a telegram sent to Roosevelt on 11 October, Churchill wrote: “Stalin and I should try to have a common spirit across the Balkans in order to prevent a civil war from breaking out in several countries, so probably you and I sympathize with each other and with the United States of the U.J., that is, Stalin. I will keep you informed of all this and nothing will be settled, other than the provisional agreements between Britain and Russia, subject to further discussions and a merger agreement with you. On that basis, you will certainly not object to us trying to have a full meeting of minds with the Russians. [66] On the same day, Churchill sent a letter to Stalin saying that Britain had special ties to King Peter II and King George II of Greece, which made Britain a matter of honour to return to his throne, even though he suggested that the peoples of the Balkans had the right to choose any form of political system. they loved, except fascism. [67] Churchill stated that percentages are merely “a method that allows us to see in our thoughts how close we are together” and to find a way to get closer.

[67] Upon his return to London on 12 October, Churchill declared that the agreement was “only an interim guide for the immediate war period. … [67] Churchill argues that Romania`s abandonment of the Soviet sphere took place solely because General Ion Antonescu had chosen to participate in Operation Barbarossa in June 1941. [67] By Eden, Molotov assured that the Bulgarians had to leave the parts of Yugoslavia and Greece they occupied, the problem of spheres of influence in Bulgaria and the Bulgarian ceasefire has not disappeared. [68] The Americans had discovered an interest in Bulgaria, and Secretary of State Cordell Hull insisted that a non-compliance treaty be concluded, which would give the US delegation to the ACC, which oversees Bulgaria, a right of review on an equal footing with the Soviet delegation. [60] Through the US Ambassador to Britain, John Gilbert Winant, at a meeting of the European Advisory Commission on 21 October 1944, he was put in a minority on the text of the Bulgarian ceasefire, he also said that it was not final and that the United States was ready to reopen the issue at the next meeting of the European Advisory Commission. [60] On May 4, 1944, Churchill asked his foreign minister, Anthony Eden, the rhetorical question: “Will we agree with the communitarianization of the Balkans and perhaps Italy?” [26] Churchill answered his own question by saying that Britain must “resist communist infusion and invasion.” [26] The attempt to gain spheres of influence for the Balkans has led Gusev to question whether the Americans would be involved. [26] Eden assured Gusev that the Americans would support the spheres of influence of the agreement, but upon request, the State Department responded firmly that it was not the policy of the United States to conclude such